In the video “What I Feed My Horses: Tips and Tricks for Proper Nutrition” by QRK Riding, you’ll get a detailed look into what the narrator feeds their horses and the tips they have for proper horse nutrition. The video starts by emphasizing the importance of consulting with a veterinarian for any nutritional needs or concerns. The narrator explains that the basis of a horse’s diet is hay and pasture grass, giving them constant access to food to prevent gastric ulcers. They also discuss the specific types of grains and alfalfa cubes they use to add extra bulk and calories to their horses’ diets. Additionally, the video covers the importance of joint supplements for certain horses and the proper way to feed a horse based on their weight. Watch the video for more insights and tips on horse feeding.

What I Feed My Horses: Tips and Tricks for Proper Nutrition

Understanding a Horse’s Nutritional Needs

Horses, like any other living being, have unique nutritional needs that must be met in order to maintain their health and well-being. As a horse owner, it is crucial for you to understand the role of a veterinarian in determining your horse’s nutritional needs, the importance of a constant food supply, and the impact of an empty stomach on horses.

The role of a vet in determining nutritional needs

When it comes to understanding a horse’s nutritional needs, a veterinarian plays a vital role. Vets are trained professionals who have a deep understanding of animal physiology and can provide you with valuable insights into your horse’s specific nutritional requirements. They can perform various tests and evaluations to assess your horse’s body condition, metabolic rate, and overall health, which helps in formulating a suitable diet plan tailored to your horse’s individual needs.

The importance of a constant food supply

One critical aspect of meeting a horse’s nutritional needs is ensuring a constant food supply. Horses are grazing animals by nature and have a digestive system designed to process small amounts of food continuously throughout the day. A horse’s stomach produces gastric acid continuously, and if there is no food in the stomach, the acid can lead to gastric ulcers. Therefore, having a constant supply of food, whether it is pasture grass or hay, is essential to maintain a healthy digestive system in horses.

Impact of empty stomach on horses

When a horse’s stomach is empty for extended periods, it can have detrimental effects on their overall health. Firstly, as mentioned earlier, an empty stomach can lead to the development of gastric ulcers. The continuous production of gastric acid without any food to neutralize it can irritate the stomach lining, causing ulcers to form. Additionally, an empty stomach can also lead to behavioral issues such as cribbing or wood chewing as horses try to cope with the discomfort and boredom associated with hunger. Hence, it is crucial to provide your horse with a consistent source of food to avoid these negative consequences.

The Base of a Horse’s Diet

To meet a horse’s nutritional needs, the base of their diet should consist of hay and pasture grass. Understanding the role of these components in a horse’s diet, the need for 24/7 access to food, and the impact of a constant food supply on gastric ulcers is crucial.

Hay and pasture grass explanation

Hay is a vital component of a horse’s diet and serves as a primary source of forage when fresh grass is not readily available. It provides essential fiber, which is crucial for maintaining a healthy digestive system and preventing issues like colic. Different types of hay, such as timothy, orchard grass, or alfalfa, can offer varying nutritional profiles, and it is important to choose the type that suits your horse’s needs best. On the other hand, pasture grass is an excellent source of nutrients, and allowing horses access to grazing is ideal for meeting their nutritional requirements.

The need for 24/7 access to food

Horses have a unique digestive system that is designed to process small amounts of food continuously. In the wild, horses spend a significant part of their day grazing, and their digestive systems have evolved accordingly. Therefore, it is crucial to provide horses with 24/7 access to food, whether it is hay or pasture grass, to mimic their natural grazing behavior. This not only prevents digestive issues but also helps in keeping horses mentally and physically content.

The impact of constant food supply on gastric ulcers

As mentioned earlier, a constant food supply is essential for preventing gastric ulcers in horses. When horses are fed infrequently or have long periods without access to food, the stomach acid can irritate the stomach lining, leading to the development of ulcers. By providing a constant source of food, such as free-choice hay or access to grazing, you can minimize the risk of gastric ulcers in your horse and ensure their overall digestive health.

Concentrated Feed Eating Patterns

While hay and pasture grass form the base of a horse’s diet, concentrated feed can serve as a valuable supplement to meet their nutritional needs. Understanding the nature of concentrated feed, the frequency of feeding, and the differences in consumption rates among horses is crucial for ensuring optimal nutrition.

Explanation of concentrated feed

Concentrated feed, also known as grain or pelleted feed, is formulated specifically to provide horses with additional nutrients, such as protein, vitamins, and minerals, that may be lacking in their forage. These feeds are usually made from a combination of grains, seeds, and vitamins, and they come in various forms to suit different horses’ needs. Concentrated feed acts as a dietary supplement and should not replace the primary source of forage in a horse’s diet.

Frequency of feeding concentrated feed

When it comes to feeding concentrated feed, the frequency and portion size play a crucial role in ensuring optimal nutrition. Most horses do well with two to three meals of concentrated feed per day, divided evenly throughout the day. However, it is essential to note that each horse is unique, and their feeding schedule may vary based on their age, workload, and overall health. Consulting with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist can help you determine the best feeding regimen for your horse.

Difference in consumption rates among horses

Horses have individual preferences and metabolisms, which can result in different consumption rates of concentrated feed. Some horses may be fast eaters, finishing their meals quickly, while others may be slower and take their time. It is important to monitor your horse’s feed consumption and adjust portion sizes accordingly to ensure they are getting the necessary nutrients without overeating. Regularly assessing your horse’s body condition and consulting with a professional will help you determine the appropriate amount of concentrated feed for your horse.

Specific Types of Food for Horses

In addition to hay and concentrated feed, there are specific types of food that can benefit horses’ nutrition. Understanding the benefits of Purina Strategy grain, the use of alfalfa cubes, and the effect of grains and alfalfa on digestion is essential for providing a well-rounded diet.

Purina Strategy grain benefits

One popular type of concentrated feed is Purina Strategy grain, which is formulated to provide balanced nutrition for horses. This grain offers a blend of essential nutrients, such as protein, fat, fiber, and vitamins, to support muscle development, energy levels, and overall well-being. The balanced formula of Purina Strategy grain allows for versatile usage, benefiting horses in different life stages and activity levels.

Alfalfa cubes and their use

Another valuable addition to a horse’s diet is alfalfa cubes. Alfalfa is a highly nutritious forage that is rich in protein, calcium, and other essential minerals. Alfalfa cubes provide a convenient way to supplement a horse’s diet with this nutrient-dense forage. They can be soaked in water to create a soft and palatable mash or fed dry as a healthier alternative to snacks or treats. Incorporating alfalfa cubes into a horse’s diet can provide additional protein and help maintain a healthy weight for those with higher nutrient requirements.

The effect of grains and alfalfa on digestion

While grains and alfalfa can be beneficial to a horse’s nutrition, it is important to consider the potential impact on digestion. Some horses may be more sensitive to high starch or sugar content in grains, which can lead to issues like colic or laminitis. Regular monitoring, appropriate portion sizes, and seeking professional guidance can help determine the right balance and avoid any potential digestive issues. Additionally, introducing alfalfa gradually to a horse’s diet is advisable, as sudden changes in forage type can also impact digestion.

What I Feed My Horses: Tips and Tricks for Proper Nutrition

The Importance of Vitamins and Minerals for Horses

Vitamins and minerals play a crucial role in a horse’s overall health and well-being. Understanding the nutritional content of grass, how grains provide additional nutrients, and the suitable protein and sugar rates in horse feed is essential for ensuring optimal vitamin and mineral intake.

The nutritional content of grass

Grass, whether it is pasture grass or hay, serves as one of the primary sources of vitamins and minerals for horses. The nutritional content of grass can vary depending on factors such as soil quality, sunlight exposure, and maturity of the plants. It is essential to ensure that horses have access to good-quality forage to meet their vitamin and mineral requirements. Regular testing of soil and forage samples can help identify any deficiencies and allow for appropriate supplementation.

How grains provide extra nutrients

While the base of a horse’s diet should consist of hay and pasture grass, grains can serve as a valuable supplement to provide extra nutrients. Grains are often fortified with vitamins and minerals, making them a convenient source of additional nutrition. However, it is crucial to select grains that are appropriate for your horse’s specific needs and to avoid over-supplementation. Consulting with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist can help you determine the appropriate type and amount of grains to meet your horse’s individual requirements.

Suitable protein and sugar rates in horse feed

Protein is an essential nutrient for horses as it plays a vital role in muscle development, tissue repair, and overall growth. However, it is important to balance protein intake to avoid putting unnecessary strain on the horse’s kidneys. The appropriate protein rate in horse feed depends on various factors, including the horse’s age, activity level, and overall health. Similarly, sugar rates should be monitored to avoid potential issues such as weight gain, insulin resistance, or laminitis. Choosing feeds with lower sugar content or working with a nutritionist can help maintain a suitable balance of protein and sugar in your horse’s diet.

Potential Risks of High Sugar Diets for Horses

While sugar is a form of energy for horses, excessive sugar intake can lead to various health issues. Understanding the connection between high sugar diets and gastric ulcers, the link between laminitis and a high sugar diet, and the role of diet in contributing to Cushing’s disease is crucial for preventing these conditions.

Gastric ulcers and their relation to diet

High sugar diets can contribute to the development of gastric ulcers in horses. When horses consume excessive amounts of sugars, it can alter the pH balance in their stomach, leading to an increased risk of ulcers. Additionally, the fermentation of sugars in the hindgut can produce lactic acid, which can further disrupt the gut environment and lead to ulcer formation. Balancing sugar intake and providing a suitable diet with adequate fiber and forage can help prevent gastric ulcers in horses.

The link between laminitis and a high sugar diet

Laminitis, a painful condition affecting the horse’s hooves, has been linked to high sugar diets. Horses that consume excessive amounts of sugars, such as those found in lush spring grass or grain-heavy diets, are more prone to developing laminitis. The excessive sugar intake can disrupt the horse’s insulin regulation, leading to inflammation and damage to the sensitive laminae in the hoof. Managing sugar intake, especially during periods of high growth or seasonal grasses, is crucial for preventing laminitis and maintaining hoof health.

What is Cushing’s disease and how diet can contribute to it

Cushing’s disease, also known as Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID), is a hormonal disorder commonly seen in older horses. While diet alone does not cause Cushing’s disease, certain dietary factors can contribute to its development or exacerbate its symptoms. Horses with Cushing’s disease often have issues with glucose regulation, and high sugar diets can worsen these imbalances. Maintaining a low-sugar diet, incorporating suitable supplements, and working closely with a veterinarian can help manage Cushing’s disease and improve the quality of life for affected horses.

What I Feed My Horses: Tips and Tricks for Proper Nutrition

Supplement Use in Horses

Supplements can play a beneficial role in supporting a horse’s overall health and addressing specific concerns. Understanding the benefits of joint supplements, how supplements affect coat and hoof condition, and the special care required for senior horses will help you make informed decisions regarding their use.

Benefits of a joint supplement

As horses age or engage in strenuous activities, their joints may require additional support. Joint supplements, containing ingredients like glucosamine, chondroitin, and hyaluronic acid, can help maintain joint health and reduce the risk of arthritis or joint inflammation. It is important to select high-quality joint supplements that have been scientifically tested and approved for equine use. Consulting with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate supplement and dosage for your horse’s needs is advisable.

How supplements affect coat and hoof condition

Supplements can also improve the condition of a horse’s coat and hooves. Ingredients like biotin, omega fatty acids, and zinc can promote healthy coat growth, shine, and overall appearance. Similarly, supplements containing biotin, methionine, or zinc can strengthen hooves, reduce brittleness, and enhance hoof growth. However, it is important to note that supplements alone cannot replace proper hoof care practices or grooming routines. Regular farrier visits, proper trimming, and good hygiene practices are still essential for maintaining optimal hoof health.

Special care for senior horses

Senior horses often have specific needs that may require additional supplementation. As horses age, their bodies may become less efficient at absorbing and utilizing nutrients. Supplementing their diet with vitamins, minerals, or specialized senior horse supplements can help bridge nutritional gaps and support their overall health. It is crucial to work closely with a veterinarian to tailor a diet plan that meets the specific needs of your senior horse.

How to Determine Feeding Portions

Proper feeding portions are crucial for ensuring horses receive adequate nutrition without underfeeding or overfeeding. Understanding the method of feeding a horse by its weight, advisable portions for optimal absorption, and strategies for addressing thinness and weight issues will help you determine feeding portions.

The method of feeding a horse by its weight

A common approach to determining feeding portions for horses is based on their weight. By knowing your horse’s weight, you can accurately calculate the amount of forage and concentrated feed they require. This can be achieved using a weight tape or consulting with a veterinarian who has access to a livestock scale. Accurate measurements are essential for preventing underfeeding or overfeeding, which can lead to health issues or weight management difficulties.

Advisable portions for optimal absorption

Feeding horses in suitable portions is key to ensuring optimal absorption of nutrients. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, metabolic issues, or digestive problems, while underfeeding can result in malnutrition and poor overall health. Following feeding guidelines provided by feed manufacturers, consulting with a nutritionist, or working closely with a veterinarian can help you determine the appropriate portions for your horse’s specific needs.

Beating thinness and weight issues in Horses

Addressing thinness or weight issues in horses requires a comprehensive approach that includes diet, exercise, and monitoring. For underweight horses, gradual increases in their feed portions, along with introducing high-quality forage or specialized supplements, can help promote weight gain. It is also essential to rule out any underlying health issues that may be contributing to weight loss. Conversely, managing weight in overweight horses requires a balance of caloric intake and physical activity. Adjusting feed portions and providing regular exercise can help horses achieve and maintain a healthy body condition.

What I Feed My Horses: Tips and Tricks for Proper Nutrition

Adapting a Horse’s Diet to Changing Seasons

Horses’ dietary needs may vary depending on the changing seasons. Adapting their diet to the specific requirements and challenges of winter and summer seasons, understanding the effect of seasons on a horse’s weight, and utilizing alfalfa cubes in winter versus summer diets are crucial for optimal nutrition.

Diet adjustment for winter and summer seasons

As the seasons change, so do the availability and quality of forage. In winter, when pasture grass may be limited or of lower nutritional value, it is essential to provide horses with additional forage sources, such as good-quality hay or haylage. These forage options can help meet their increased energy requirements and maintain weight during colder months. In the summer, when lush pasture grasses are abundant, horses can rely more on grazing and may require less concentrated feed. Adjustment of feed portions and composition according to seasonal fluctuations is necessary to ensure horses receive proper nutrition year-round.

The effect of seasons on a horse’s weight

Seasonal variations can greatly impact a horse’s weight and body condition. In winter, horses may naturally lose weight as they burn more calories to maintain body temperature. On the other hand, in summer, horses tend to gain weight due to the increased availability of lush and nutrient-rich pasture grass. Monitoring body condition throughout the seasons and adjusting feeding portions and composition accordingly can help maintain your horse’s ideal weight and prevent health issues associated with fluctuations.

Use of alfalfa cubes in winter versus summer diets

The use of alfalfa cubes can be beneficial in both winter and summer diets, but their specific role may vary. In winter, when pasture grass is limited or low in quality, incorporating alfalfa cubes can provide additional nutrients and calories to help horses maintain their weight. In summer, when pasture grass is abundant, alfalfa cubes can serve as treats or supplements rather than a primary forage source. Moderation and consideration of overall diet composition are key when using alfalfa cubes in both seasons.


Proper nutrition is essential for maintaining a horse’s overall health and well-being. Understanding the various components of a horse’s diet, such as hay, pasture grass, concentrated feed, and supplements, as well as considering factors like vitamins and minerals, sugar intake, and appropriate feeding portions, is crucial for ensuring optimal nutrition. Adapting the diet to changing seasons, monitoring body condition, and seeking professional guidance can help address individual horse needs and promote long-term health. By providing your horse with a well-balanced and suitable diet, you can contribute to their overall quality of life and enhance their performance and longevity. Remember to consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist for personalized advice and recommendations tailored to your horse’s specific needs.

What I Feed My Horses: Tips and Tricks for Proper Nutrition