Have you ever wondered what kind of food can have a calming effect on horses? Maybe you’ve noticed your horse feeling a little anxious or nervous, and you’re looking for a natural way to help them relax. Well, you’re in luck! There are actually certain foods that can help with exactly that. In this article, we’ll dive into the topic of the calming effect of certain foods on horses, discussing some specific examples and the science behind their soothing properties. So, get ready to learn more about how you can put your horse at ease with the power of food!

When it comes to calming horses, there are a few key ingredients you should be aware of. One popular option is magnesium. Magnesium plays a crucial role in regulating the nervous system, and a deficiency can lead to anxiety and nervousness. Including magnesium-rich foods in your horse’s diet, such as green leafy vegetables, can provide them with the necessary levels of magnesium to promote relaxation. Another calming food for horses is chamomile. This well-known herb has been used for centuries to promote relaxation and calmness in both humans and animals. Including chamomile in your horse’s diet can help reduce stress and anxiety. These are just a few examples, and there are many more foods out there that can have a calming effect on horses. So, keep reading to learn more about how you can use the power of food to help your horse feel their best!

Table of Contents


Horses are magnificent creatures known for their strength and elegance. However, just like humans, they can experience stress, anxiety, and restlessness. As a horse owner, it is essential to ensure the well-being of your equine companion. One way to promote calmness in horses is through their diet. Certain foods have been found to have a calming effect on horses, helping to soothe their minds, relax their bodies, and alleviate any behavioral issues they may be experiencing. In this article, we will explore the importance of calming foods for horses, the relationship between diet and behavior, specific foods that help calm horses, feeding routines and techniques to promote calmness, the significance of quality feed and forage, the role of hydration, the influence of the feeding environment, the effects of overfeeding and underfeeding, and potential side effects and risks of calming foods.

Importance of Calming Foods for Horses

Maintaining a calm and relaxed state is crucial for horses, both for their well-being and the safety of those around them. Horses are highly sensitive animals that can easily become stressed or anxious in various situations. These emotions can manifest as nervousness, irritability, and even aggressive behavior. By incorporating calming foods into their diet, you can help regulate their mood, reduce stress levels, and promote a more peaceful demeanor.

The Relationship Between Diet and Behavior in Horses

Just as with humans, the food a horse consumes has a significant impact on its behavior. The nutrients provided through their diet play a vital role in their overall well-being, including their mental state. A balanced diet is not only essential for satisfying their nutritional needs but also for maintaining a stable temperament. Let’s delve into the specific foods that can help calm horses and understand how they affect their behavior.

The Impact of Certain Foods on Horse Behavior

Role of Carbohydrates in Horse Calming

Carbohydrates are an essential energy source for horses, playing a crucial role in their physical activity and mental state. When horses consume carbohydrates, they are broken down into glucose, which provides fuel for their muscles and brain. However, not all carbohydrates are created equal. The type and quality of carbohydrates can affect a horse’s behavior differently.

Simple carbohydrates, such as those found in sugary treats or rapidly digestible grains, provide quick bursts of energy. While these may be beneficial for horses engaging in intense physical activity, they can also contribute to excitability and hyperactivity. On the other hand, complex carbohydrates found in high-fiber feeds, such as hay and grass, provide a slow-release of energy, promoting a more calm and sustained energy level in horses.

The Effect of Protein on Horse Behavior

Protein is an essential nutrient for horses, responsible for various functions such as muscle development, tissue repair, and the production of hormones and enzymes. While protein is not directly linked to calming effects, it can indirectly influence a horse’s behavior by supporting the proper functioning of their body systems. A balanced diet that includes adequate protein helps ensure that horses have the necessary building blocks for optimal health, which can help promote a balanced temperament.

The Role of Essential Fatty Acids

Essential fatty acids, such as omega-3 and omega-6, play a crucial role in overall equine health. These fatty acids cannot be produced by the horse’s body and must be obtained through their diet. Omega-3 fatty acids, in particular, have been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help regulate neurotransmitters in the brain. This can contribute to a more stable mood and improved behavior in horses.

Including foods rich in essential fatty acids, such as flaxseed or fish oil, in your horse’s diet can provide them with the necessary nutrients to support their mental well-being. However, it is important to ensure that the omega-3 to omega-6 ratio is balanced, as excessive omega-6 fatty acids can have pro-inflammatory effects, potentially impacting a horse’s behavior negatively.

The Importance of Vitamins and Minerals in Calming Horses

Vitamins and minerals are essential for various physiological processes in horses, including their mental health. Deficiencies in certain vitamins and minerals can contribute to behavioral issues and mood disturbances. For example, a lack of vitamin B12 or magnesium has been linked to increased anxiety and nervousness in horses.

Including a balanced vitamin and mineral supplement in your horse’s diet, or ensuring they have access to high-quality forage and feed that naturally provides these nutrients, can help support their calmness and overall well-being. It is important to consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to determine the specific needs of your horse and tailor their diet accordingly.

The Role of Electrolytes in Horse Calming

Electrolytes, such as sodium, potassium, and chloride, play a crucial role in maintaining proper hydration and body function in horses. Inadequate electrolyte balance can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, which can contribute to horses feeling restless or agitated.

During periods of high physical activity or hot weather, horses may benefit from electrolyte supplementation to maintain their electrolyte balance and support their calmness. However, it is essential to follow the recommended dosage and consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to ensure appropriate electrolyte supplementation for your horse’s specific needs.

Specific Foods that Calm Horses

The Soothing Effect of Beet Pulp

Beet pulp is a commonly used feed ingredient known for its high fiber content and digestibility. This highly palatable food provides horses with a slow-release energy source, promoting a calm and steady demeanor. The fermentable fiber in beet pulp also supports a healthy gut microbiome, which plays a crucial role in overall equine health and behavior.

Including beet pulp in your horse’s diet can help promote relaxation and provide them with additional fiber, which aids in digestion and supports a more balanced temperament.

The Calming Properties of Chamomile

Chamomile is a well-known herb renowned for its calming properties in humans. Similarly, it can have a relaxing effect on horses as well. Chamomile contains compounds that promote relaxation, reduce anxiety, and support a balanced mood.

Feeding chamomile as a supplement or including it in a calming herbal blend can help soothe your horse’s nervous system and promote a more tranquil disposition. However, it is important to consult with a veterinarian or equine herbalist to determine the appropriate dosage and ensure its compatibility with any existing medications or treatments your horse may be receiving.

The Benefits of Feeding Magnesium

Magnesium is a vital mineral that plays a role in various physiological processes in horses. It is known for its calming effects on the nervous system, as it helps regulate neurotransmitter activity and muscle function. Magnesium deficiency can contribute to nervousness and restlessness in horses.

Including magnesium-rich foods or supplements in your horse’s diet can help support their calmness. Good sources of magnesium include legumes, green leafy vegetables, and certain grains. However, it is important to consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to determine the appropriate dosage of magnesium for your horse’s specific needs, as excessive supplementation can have adverse effects.

The Role of Flaxseed in Relaxing Horses

Flaxseed is a nutritious seed that provides various health benefits for horses, including a calming effect. Flaxseed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties and support optimal brain function. The omega-3 fatty acids in flaxseed can help regulate neurotransmitter activity, contributing to a more balanced mood and relaxed behavior in horses.

Including flaxseed in your horse’s diet can provide them with the necessary nutrients to support their mental well-being. However, it is important to feed flaxseed in its ground or milled form, as whole flaxseed may pass through the digestive system undigested, limiting its benefits.

The Calming Power of Valerian Root

Valerian root is a well-known herb used for its calming properties in both humans and animals. It contains compounds that have sedative and anxiolytic effects, making it an effective natural remedy for promoting relaxation and reducing anxiety in horses. However, it is important to note that valerian root is a potent herb and should only be used under the guidance of a veterinarian or equine herbalist, as improper use or excessive dosage can have adverse effects.

Including valerian root as a supplement in your horse’s diet, or using it in combination with other calming herbs, can help support their emotional well-being and promote a more peaceful temperament. It is crucial to follow the recommended dosage and consult with a professional to ensure its safe and appropriate use.

Feeding Routine and Techniques to Promote Calmness

In addition to incorporating calming foods into your horse’s diet, the feeding routine and techniques you employ can also play a significant role in promoting calmness and reducing stress. Here are some strategies to consider:

The Role of Consistent Meal Times in Horse Calming

Horses thrive on routine and structure, and consistent meal times can help promote a sense of security and stability. Establishing a regular feeding schedule with set meal times can help regulate their internal clock and reduce anxiety associated with uncertainty. Aim to feed your horse at the same times each day, providing a sense of routine that can contribute to their overall calmness.

The Benefits of Slow Feeding for Maintaining Calmness

Horses are natural grazers, designed to eat small amounts of food frequently throughout the day. Mimicking this natural feeding pattern by implementing slow feeding techniques can help reduce boredom, anxiety, and the risk of digestive issues.

Utilize slow feeders or hay nets that prolong the time it takes for your horse to consume their meals. This not only encourages them to eat at a slower pace but also keeps them engaged and mentally stimulated. Slow feeding allows horses to graze for longer periods, promoting a sense of calm and satisfaction.

Implementing Desensitization Techniques during Feeding

Feeding time can present an ideal opportunity to desensitize your horse to various stimuli that may cause anxiety or stress. By introducing your horse to potentially distressing noises, objects, or activities during feeding, you can help them associate these experiences with positive associations, promoting a calmer response in the future.

Gradually introduce new elements or stimuli, such as clattering pans, opening umbrellas, or playing recorded sounds, while your horse is focused on their meal. Offer rewards or praise to reinforce positive behavior. Over time, your horse will become more accustomed and less reactive to these stimuli, contributing to their overall calmness.

The Importance of Quality Feed and Forage

The calming effect of certain foods can only be fully realized when they are part of a high-quality and well-balanced diet. Opting for nutritious and digestible feed and forage is essential for maintaining equine health and promoting a balanced temperament. Let’s explore some factors to consider when selecting feed and forage for your horse.

Choosing the Right Hay for Calming Horses

Hay is a staple food for horses and should be selected carefully to provide optimal nutrition and support calmness. Good-quality hay should be free of mold, dust, and weeds, and have a sweet aroma. To promote calmness, choose hay that is lower in sugar and protein, as excessive amounts of these nutrients can contribute to excitability in some horses.

For horses prone to digestive issues or hyperactivity, consider feeding hay with higher fiber content, such as timothy or orchard grass hay. These types of hays provide a slow-release energy source and promote a more steady temperament.

Optimal Grains for Promoting Relaxation

While most of a horse’s diet should consist of forage, grains can also play a role in promoting relaxation when used appropriately. Certain grains, such as oats and barley, have a lower glycemic index compared to other grains, meaning they release glucose into the bloodstream at a slower and steadier rate. This can help prevent sudden energy spikes and promote a more even-tempered behavior.

When selecting grains for your horse, opt for high-quality, whole grains that have been minimally processed. Avoid grains that are high in sugar or starch, as these can contribute to excitability. It is important to work with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to determine the appropriate grain-to-forage ratio for your horse based on their individual needs and activity level.

Avoiding Feed Additives That May Cause Anxiety

While some feed additives can be beneficial for horses, others may have a negative impact on their behavior. Certain ingredients, such as artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives, can potentially contribute to anxiety, hyperactivity, or allergic reactions.

When selecting commercial feed or supplements, opt for natural and minimally processed products that contain wholesome ingredients. Avoid additives that may contain artificial substances or unnecessary fillers. By providing your horse with a clean and natural diet, you can help reduce their exposure to potentially anxiety-inducing additives.

Hydration and its Calming Effects

Adequate hydration is crucial for maintaining overall equine health and promoting calmness. Horses that are dehydrated may become agitated, restless, and exhibit signs of discomfort. Proper hydration supports various physiological functions and helps regulate body temperature, digestion, and brain function.

Ensure your horse has access to clean and fresh water at all times, especially during hot weather or intense physical activity. Consider offering water at a slightly cooler temperature during warm months, as horses may find it more appealing and encourage them to drink more. Facilitating proper hydration through sufficient water intake can significantly contribute to their overall calmness and well-being.

The Link Between Hydration and Horse Behavior

Dehydration can affect a horse’s behavior in various ways. When horses are dehydrated, their blood volume decreases, impacting the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to their muscles and vital organs. This can lead to fatigue, irritability, and an increased sensitivity to environmental stressors. Additionally, dehydration can also affect brain function, potentially leading to altered behavior and cognitive impairment.

Ensuring your horse is properly hydrated by providing ample access to water can help maintain normal bodily functions and support their mental well-being. Monitor your horse’s hydration status by regularly checking their skin elasticity, mucous membranes, and urine color. If you notice signs of dehydration or have concerns, consult with a veterinarian for appropriate hydration management.

The Role of Water Temperature in Promoting Calmness

Water temperature can also influence a horse’s hydration and behavior. Horses may be more inclined to drink water that is at a moderate or slightly cooler temperature, as they find it more refreshing and palatable. Cold water, on the other hand, may limit water intake, especially during colder months or for horses coming in from the cold.

During warm weather, offering water at a slightly cooler temperature can help encourage your horse to drink more and stay properly hydrated. However, it is important to avoid providing extremely cold water, as this may cause discomfort or potentially lead to colic. Finding a balance with water temperature can contribute to your horse’s overall calmness and willingness to drink.

The Influence of the Feeding Environment on Horse Behavior

The feeding environment directly affects a horse’s feeding experience and can significantly impact their behavior. Creating a calm and secure feeding area can help reduce stress and promote a more relaxed state of mind. Consider the following aspects when creating an ideal feeding environment for your horse.

Creating a Quiet and Secure Feeding Area

Horses are highly sensitive to their surroundings, and a noisy or chaotic feeding area can contribute to anxiety and restlessness. When possible, choose a location away from high-traffic areas or loud equipment. Providing a quiet and secluded space allows your horse to eat in peace and focus on their meal without distractions.

Creating a sense of security by using solid dividers or barriers can also help horses feel protected and less vulnerable during feeding. This can be especially important for more anxious individuals or horses that have experienced past traumas. By establishing a peaceful feeding environment, you are providing your horse with a safe space that promotes relaxation and minimizes stress.

Reducing Environmental Stressors during Feeding

External factors in the feeding environment can also influence a horse’s behavior and feeding experience. Identify and minimize potential stressors that may cause agitation or anxiety during mealtimes. This can include loud noises, sudden movements, or the presence of aggressive or dominant horses.

If necessary, adjust the feeding schedule to avoid peak times of activity, such as when other horses are being turned out or brought in from the pasture. Additionally, consider using feeders that minimize competition and allow each horse to eat at their own pace, reducing the risk of anxiety or aggression during mealtimes.

Effects of Overfeeding and Underfeeding on Horse Behavior

The quantity of food you provide to your horse is just as important as the quality. Both overfeeding and underfeeding can have negative effects on their behavior and overall well-being. Let’s explore how overfeeding and underfeeding can impact horses differently.

The Negative Impact of Overfeeding on Calmness

Overfeeding can lead to a range of issues, including behavioral problems. When horses consume more calories than they require, it can result in excess energy that contributes to excitability and restlessness. This can manifest as excessive playfulness, spookiness, or difficulty focusing on tasks.

Avoid overfeeding your horse by carefully monitoring their body condition score and adjusting their diet accordingly. Working closely with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist to determine the appropriate amount of feed and forage for your horse’s individual needs can help prevent overfeeding and the associated behavioral concerns.

The Consequences of Underfeeding for Horse Behavior

Underfeeding can also have detrimental effects on a horse’s behavior and overall health. When horses are not receiving sufficient nutrients or calories, it can lead to nutritional deficiencies and a lack of energy, resulting in depression, lethargy, and potential behavioral changes.

Ensure your horse is receiving an appropriate amount of feed and forage to meet their nutritional needs and support their energy requirements. Regularly assess their body condition score and consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist if you have concerns about their weight or dietary needs.

Potential Side Effects and Risks of Calming Foods

While there are numerous benefits to incorporating calming foods into your horse’s diet, it is important to be aware of potential side effects or risks associated with certain ingredients or products. Consider the following factors when exploring calming food options for your horse.

Allergies and Sensitivities to Calming Ingredients

Just like humans, horses can develop allergies or sensitivities to certain foods or ingredients. Some horses may have adverse reactions to herbs or botanicals commonly used as calming agents. It is essential to observe your horse closely when introducing new foods or supplements, and consult with a veterinarian if you notice any signs of allergic reactions, such as itching, swelling, or digestive upset.

Before incorporating calming foods or supplements into your horse’s diet, conduct thorough research, and choose reputable products that have been tested and proven safe for equine consumption.

Interaction with Medications and Performance Enhancers

If your horse is currently receiving medications or performance enhancers, it is important to consider potential interactions with calming foods or supplements. Some ingredients in calming products may interact with certain medications, altering their effectiveness or potentially causing adverse reactions.

Always consult with a veterinarian before introducing any new foods or supplements if your horse is on medication or receiving performance-enhancing treatments. They will be able to guide you on the most appropriate course of action and ensure your horse’s well-being.


Incorporating certain foods into your horse’s diet can have a profound impact on their behavior, promoting calmness, and overall well-being. From the soothing effects of beet pulp to the calming properties of chamomile and the benefits of feeding magnesium and flaxseed, nature offers various options to support a tranquil temperament in horses.

Remember, a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs, combined with a feeding routine that emphasizes consistency, slow feeding, and a calm environment, can greatly contribute to your horse’s calmness and contentment. Prioritize high-quality feed and forage, promote hydration, and be mindful of potential side effects or risks associated with certain ingredients or additives.

By implementing a calming diet and considering the suggestions provided in this article, you can help ensure your horse’s well-being, enhance their quality of life, and foster a harmonious bond between you and your equine companion.