Hi everyone! I hope you’re staying healthy and enjoying some quality time with your horses and animals. I’m Katie Starr from the Stanley Premium Western Forage marketing team, and I’m thrilled to welcome you to our webinar titled “Meeting the Right Requirements – What Do I Need to Know About Balancing My Horse’s Diet?” In this webinar, presented by Dr. Tania Cubitt, an expert in equine nutrition and reproduction, we’ll cover key points on meeting a horse’s dietary requirements, the importance of forage in optimizing their diet, examples of balanced horse feed programs, and where to find high-quality forage. We’ll also discuss the potential benefits of improving your horse’s diet and gut health in minimizing vet care costs. Plus, we have downloadable presentation notes and additional resources on equine nutrition available. Let’s dive in and learn how to balance your horse’s diet for their optimal health and well-being!

Dr. Cubitt holds a PhD in Equine Nutrition and Reproduction and is one of our expert equine nutritionists. We’re excited to have her share her knowledge and insights with you. Throughout the webinar, we’ll have interactive poll questions for you to answer, and we’ll be giving away some free product coupons at the end. We’ve also attached nutritional white papers for you to download that cover today’s topics and spring pasture turnout. Remember, if you have any questions, you can type them into the questions pane, and we’ll address them during the Q&A session. So, let’s get started and learn how to meet your horse’s dietary requirements for their optimal health and happiness!

Importance of Forage in a Horse’s Diet

Emphasis on the need of forage for optimal horse diet

When it comes to a horse’s diet, one crucial element that should never be overlooked is forage. Forage refers to a horse’s primary source of fiber, moisture, and essential nutrients. It includes hay, grass, and other plant materials. Providing adequate forage is vital for a horse’s well-being and overall health.

As herbivores, horses are anatomically designed to consume forage as a significant portion of their diet. The digestive system of a horse relies on a steady supply of fiber to function properly. Without enough forage, horses can develop various health problems, including colic, ulcers, and even behavioral issues.

Understanding the role of forage in a horse’s diet

Forage plays a crucial role in a horse’s diet by meeting their nutritional requirements and maintaining optimal digestive health. Fiber is especially important for the horse’s digestive system as it promotes efficient functioning of the gut. The fermentation of fiber in the hindgut produces volatile fatty acids, which are a significant energy source for horses.

In addition to providing energy, forage stimulates the production of saliva, which helps buffer stomach acid and prevent gastric ulcers. It also promotes proper tooth wear and encourages natural chewing behavior, which is essential for the health of a horse’s teeth. Overall, forage provides the necessary nutrients and physiological benefits that contribute to a healthy and happy horse.

Balancing the Horse Feed Program

Examples of balanced horse feed programs

Achieving a balanced horse feed program requires careful consideration of the horse’s nutritional needs, activity level, and any specific dietary requirements. It involves providing a suitable combination of forage, concentrates, and supplements. Here are some examples of balanced horse feed programs:

  1. Forage-based Diet:

    • High-quality forage ad libitum (free-choice) or a minimum of 1.5 to 2% of the horse’s body weight in forage.
    • Mineral and vitamin supplementation as needed based on hay analysis.
  2. Performance Horse Diet:

    • Combination of high-quality forage and concentrates (grains) designed specifically for performance horses.
    • Balanced ratios of protein, carbohydrates, and fats for energy and muscle development.
    • Adequate supplementation of vitamins and minerals.
  3. Senior Horse Diet:

    • Balanced combination of easily digestible forage, such as hay cubes or chopped hay, and senior horse-specific feeds.
    • Higher fiber content to support proper digestion and dental health.
    • Additional supplementation with joint supplements and digestive aids.

The importance of balancing a horse’s diet

Balancing a horse’s diet is crucial to ensure that it receives all the essential nutrients in the proper proportions. Neglecting proper balancing can lead to nutritional deficiencies, weight management issues, and health problems. Each horse has unique requirements based on its age, breed, activity level, and overall health.

By providing a balanced diet, we can optimize a horse’s health and performance. This includes considering the nutrient content of forage, concentrate feeds, and supplements. Regular evaluation of the horse’s body condition, along with adjustments in the feed program, can help maintain an ideal weight and overall well-being.

Meeting a Horses Dietary Requirements: Key Points from the Webinar

Quality Forage Availability

Identifying and finding quality forage

Ensuring a reliable source of high-quality forage is essential for maintaining a horse’s optimal health. Here are some guidelines for identifying and finding quality forage:

  1. Visual and Sensory Evaluation:

    • Look for bright green color, minimal dust, and absence of mold or weeds.
    • Assess the aroma to ensure freshness.
    • Evaluate the texture for suitable maturity and leafiness.
  2. Nutrient Analysis:

    • Conduct a hay analysis to determine the nutritional content of the forage.
    • Analyze forage samples for protein, fiber, energy, and mineral content.
    • Consult with a professional nutritionist for guidance on interpreting the results.
  3. Reputation and Recommendations:

    • Obtain recommendations from trusted horse owners, trainers, or veterinarians.
    • Research local suppliers or growers known for producing high-quality forage.
    • Consider attending forage conferences or workshops to stay updated on industry standards.

Understanding the role of quality forage in minimizing vet care costs

Investing in high-quality forage may seem initially costly, but it can significantly minimize veterinary care costs in the long run. Quality forage provides the necessary nutrition and maintains optimal digestive health, reducing the risk of various health issues.

A diet rich in quality forage helps prevent colic, ulcers, and other digestive ailments commonly associated with poor nutrition. It also supports good dental health, reducing the need for dental interventions. By minimizing the occurrence of health problems, horse owners can save on veterinary expenses and ensure a happier, healthier equine companion.

The Role of Fiber in a Horse’s Digestive System

The importance of fiber in a horse’s diet

Fiber is an essential component of a horse’s diet, and its role in the digestive system cannot be overstated. Horses have a unique digestive system designed to process high-fiber diets efficiently. The microbial fermentation of fiber in the hindgut provides horses with a valuable energy source and helps maintain a healthy gut microbiome.

Without an adequate supply of fiber, horses are susceptible to a host of digestive problems. Insufficient fiber intake can disrupt the balance of gut bacteria, leading to colic, diarrhea, and other digestive disorders. Fiber also helps regulate the passage of food through the digestive tract, preventing impactions and supporting the natural movement of waste.

Understanding the source of fiber and its availability

For horses, fiber primarily comes from forage sources such as hay and grass. The fiber content and quality of the forage can vary depending on factors such as plant species, maturity at harvest, and storage conditions. Understanding the source of fiber and its availability is crucial for ensuring a horse’s dietary needs are met.

Hay is a common source of fiber for horses. It is important to choose hay that is appropriate for the horse’s age, activity level, and any specific dietary considerations. Grass turnout can also provide additional fiber, but it may not be sufficient for all horses, especially those with limited pasture access. In such cases, providing appropriate hay is essential to meet their fiber requirements.

Meeting a Horses Dietary Requirements: Key Points from the Webinar

Use of Slow Feed Hay Nets

Importance of slow feeder hay nets

Slow feeder hay nets are an excellent tool for addressing common feeding challenges and promoting a more natural grazing pattern in horses. They help regulate the horse’s intake of hay, preventing rapid consumption and reducing the risk of digestive problems.

By slowing down eating speed, slow feeder hay nets mimic the natural grazing behavior of horses, which reduces boredom and prevents overconsumption. Moreover, using these nets reduces hay wastage, keeping the feeding area cleaner and more efficient. Slow feeder hay nets also help horses maintain a healthy weight and prevent issues such as obesity and metabolic disorders.

Different alternatives to hay nets for slow feeding

While slow feeder hay nets are a popular choice, there are alternative methods for achieving slow feeding:

  1. Slow Feed Hay Bags:

    • Similar to hay nets, these bags have smaller openings to control hay intake.
    • They are often made of durable materials and can be hung or mounted in feeding areas.
  2. Hay Cubes and Pellets:

    • Providing hay in the form of compressed cubes or pellets slows down consumption.
    • These can be combined with or substituted for regular hay to regulate feeding speed.
  3. Grazing Muzzles:

    • These muzzles have small openings that restrict grass intake during turnout, promoting slower grazing and reduced pasture consumption.
    • Grazing muzzles are particularly useful for horses prone to weight gain or with metabolic conditions.

Public polls and data related to slow feed hay net usage

Public opinion and research on slow feed hay nets have demonstrated their effectiveness and popularity among horse owners. Polls and surveys have shown a positive response from equestrians who have incorporated slow feeder hay nets into their feeding routines.

Data from these polls indicate that slow feed hay nets are highly valued for their ability to slow down hay consumption, prevent waste, and improve overall feeding efficiency. Owners report reduced boredom and extended feeding times, leading to improved digestive health and weight management in their horses. The vast majority of respondents reported positive experiences and continued usage of slow feeder hay nets as a valuable tool in their feeding programs.

Key Factors in Horse Feeding

Importance of considering a horse’s age, teeth condition, activity level, body condition, current feed and special needs

When it comes to horse feeding, multiple factors should be carefully considered to ensure the horse’s nutritional requirements are met. These factors include:

  1. Age:

    • Young horses, growing foals, and weanlings have specific nutritional needs for proper development.
    • Older horses, especially seniors, may require modifications to their diet to support aging joints and teeth.
  2. Teeth Condition:

    • Regular dental check-ups and proper teeth maintenance are essential for a horse’s ability to chew effectively.
    • Dental issues may necessitate adjustments in the feed program, such as using chopped hay or soaked feeds.
  3. Activity Level:

    • Horses in heavy work or competition require additional calories and specific protein, carbohydrate, and fat ratios.
    • Lightly worked horses may have lower caloric needs and can benefit from lower-energy feed options.
  4. Body Condition:

    • Monitoring a horse’s body condition score regularly helps determine if it is underweight, overweight, or at an ideal weight.
    • Adjustments in feed quantity and quality can be made based on these evaluations.
  5. Current Feed:

    • Understanding the nutritional composition of the current feed is crucial for balancing the overall diet.
    • If switching feeds, a gradual transition is recommended to avoid digestive upset.
  6. Special Needs:

    • Horses with specific health conditions, such as insulin resistance or allergies, require specialized feeding programs.
    • Consultation with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist is crucial to address any special dietary needs.

Understanding how to balance nutritional requirements with high-forage diet and supplements

Achieving a balance between a horse’s nutritional requirements, a high-forage diet, and supplementation is crucial for overall health and well-being. While forage should comprise a significant portion of a horse’s diet, supplements may be necessary to ensure all nutrient requirements are met.

Supplements should be used judiciously, focusing on addressing specific deficiencies or supporting particular conditions. They should not replace a well-balanced diet but rather complement it. Consulting with a knowledgeable equine nutritionist can help determine the specific needs of an individual horse and recommend appropriate supplements that won’t compromise the benefits of a high-forage diet.

Meeting a Horses Dietary Requirements: Key Points from the Webinar

Role of High-Quality Forage in a Horse’s Diet

Benefits of feeding a high-quality forage-only diet

Feeding a high-quality forage-only diet can offer numerous benefits for horses, especially when the forage is the primary source of nutrients. Some advantages of such a diet include:

  1. Digestive Health:

    • A high-fiber diet promotes proper gut function and reduces the risk of digestive issues such as colic and gastric ulcers.
    • Natural chewing behavior associated with long-stem forage improves tooth wear and salivation, supporting digestive comfort.
  2. Weight Management:

    • Forage is a low-calorie source of nutrition, making it suitable for overweight or insulin-resistant horses.
    • The prolonged chewing time and slower eating associated with forage-only diets support a healthier weight and metabolism.
  3. Mental Stimulation:

    • Grazing and foraging behaviors fulfill a horse’s natural instincts, providing mental enrichment and reducing boredom.
    • Forage-only diets encourage extended feeding times, mimicking natural grazing and reducing stress levels.
  4. Reduced Feed-Related Health Problems:

    • High-quality forage is less likely to contain mold, contaminants, or potentially toxic substances.
    • It minimizes the risk of feed-related allergies and sensitivities, improving overall health and well-being.

The important factors determining forage quality

Several factors play a significant role in determining the quality of forage, which directly impacts its nutritional value and benefits. These factors include:

  1. Species and Variety:

    • Different plant species and varieties have varying nutrient composition and palatability.
    • Selecting appropriate forage species based on the horse’s dietary needs is vital for optimal nutrition.
  2. Maturity at Harvest:

    • Forage harvested at the proper stage of growth preserves its nutritional value.
    • Timing of harvest affects fiber content, digestibility, and overall nutrient profile.
  3. Storage Conditions:

    • Proper storage techniques, such as avoiding exposure to moisture or excessive heat, ensure hay retains its quality.
    • Poor storage can lead to mold growth, nutrient loss, and decreased palatability.
  4. Freedom from Contaminants:

    • Ensuring forage is free from contaminants, such as weeds, dust, or mold, is crucial for the horse’s health.
    • Contaminants can lead to respiratory issues, digestive problems, or other health complications.

Understanding these factors and selecting high-quality forage helps provide the maximum nutritional benefits and supports the horse’s overall health.

Feed Program Consultation: Case Study of Liza’s Horse

Understanding the specifics of balancing a horse’s diet through a real-world example

To illustrate the importance of a well-balanced feed program, let’s consider a case study of Liza’s horse. Liza owns a 10-year-old Quarter Horse mare named Bella, who is primarily used for trail riding. Liza noticed that Bella had lost some weight and seemed low on energy, prompting her to seek a feed program consultation.

During the consultation, Liza provided details about Bella’s current diet, exercise routine, and behavior. The nutritionist conducted a body condition assessment and recommended several adjustments:

  1. Increased Forage Quantity:

    • Bella was receiving limited pasture turnout, so Liza was advised to provide additional high-quality hay to ensure adequate fiber intake.
  2. Balanced Concentrates:

    • A performance-based concentrate was suggested to provide additional energy and support muscle development without causing weight gain.
    • The concentrate had an appropriate protein-carbohydrate balance for Bella’s activity level.
  3. Added Fat Supplementation:

    • Due to Bella’s low energy levels, the nutritionist suggested adding a fat supplement, such as rice bran or flaxseed, to increase calorie intake.
    • Fat supplements are a safe way to boost energy without causing a significant increase in grain intake.
  4. Regular Exercise:

    • Liza was advised to gradually increase Bella’s exercise routine to help improve her overall fitness and maintain a healthy weight.

The nutritionist stressed the importance of monitoring Bella’s body condition regularly, making adjustments as needed. With this personalized feeding program, Bella’s energy levels improved, and she gradually regained her ideal weight.

Discussion on using balancer pellets

During the feed program consultation, the nutritionist also recommended the use of balancer pellets for Bella. Balancer pellets are a concentrated source of vitamins, minerals, and protein in a small serving size. They are specifically designed to balance the nutrient intake in horses’ diets without adding unnecessary calories.

For Bella, the balancer pellets were deemed useful to ensure she received the necessary vitamins and minerals while keeping her calorie intake moderate. The pellets provided a convenient method of supplementing Bella’s diet without overloading her with unnecessary nutrients or causing imbalances.

It’s important to note that while balancer pellets can be beneficial, they are not a substitute for poor-quality forage or a balanced diet. They should be used in conjunction with high-quality forage and appropriate concentrates to ensure a complete feed program for the horse.

Meeting a Horses Dietary Requirements: Key Points from the Webinar

Understanding Hay Testing and Quality Assurance

The importance of hay testing

Hay testing is a crucial step in ensuring the nutritional adequacy of a horse’s diet. By analyzing the hay’s nutrient profile, horse owners and nutritionists can make informed decisions regarding supplementation, dietary adjustments, and overall feed program management.

The nutrient composition of hay can vary significantly depending on factors such as plant species, maturity, and storage conditions. Testing allows horse owners to understand the exact content of protein, fiber, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals in the hay. It provides the necessary information for customization and optimization of the horse’s diet.

Advice on how to conduct a hay test and find a reputable supplier

Conducting a hay test involves collecting representative samples of the hay and sending them to a reputable laboratory for analysis. Here are some steps to follow when conducting a hay test:

  1. Sampling:

    • Take multiple samples from different bales or sections of the hay stack to ensure representation.
    • Ensure the samples are collected in a clean, dry, and sealed container to prevent contamination or moisture loss.
  2. Lab Selection:

    • Research and choose a reliable laboratory that specializes in forage analysis.
    • Consider their accreditation, reputation, and turnaround time.
    • Consult with experienced horse owners or professionals for lab recommendations.
  3. Submitting the Samples:

    • Follow the specific instructions provided by the lab for sample submission.
    • Include all relevant information about the hay, such as cutting date, species, and storage conditions.
    • Submit the required payment and necessary documentation.
  4. Understanding the Results:

    • Once the analysis is complete, the lab will provide a detailed report with the hay’s nutrient content.
    • Study the results and seek professional assistance, if needed, to interpret and apply the findings to the horse’s diet.

Finding a reputable hay supplier is equally important to ensure consistent access to high-quality forage. Here are some tips for finding a reputable supplier:

  1. Local Recommendations:

    • Ask local horse owners, trainers, or equine professionals for recommendations on reliable hay suppliers.
    • Take into account their experience, reputation, and customer satisfaction.
  2. Personal Inspection:

    • Visit potential hay suppliers to inspect the hay’s quality, storage facility, and general farm conditions.
    • Look for cleanliness, proper baling techniques, and signs of mold or undesirable components.
  3. Consistency and Availability:

    • Ensure the supplier can consistently provide hay of consistent quality throughout the year.
    • Verify their ability to meet your horse’s specific dietary needs and any other requirements, such as allergy-free hay.

By actively engaging in hay testing and selecting reputable suppliers, horse owners can ensure the availability of high-quality forage that meets their horse’s nutritional needs.


Throughout this comprehensive article, we have emphasized the importance of forage in a horse’s diet and understanding its role in maintaining optimal health. A balanced feed program, tailored to meet the unique needs of each horse, is essential for their well-being.

Providing access to quality forage, determining the appropriate supplementation, and considering factors such as age, teeth condition, activity level, and body condition all contribute to a successful feed program. Slow feeder hay nets and alternative slow feeding methods offer numerous benefits, while high-quality forage remains a key factor in a horse’s diet.

Through the case study of Liza’s horse, we explored the specifics of balancing a horse’s diet and discussed the use of balancer pellets as a supplement. We also highlighted the importance of hay testing and finding reputable hay suppliers for optimal feed program management.

In conclusion, prioritizing forage and understanding the unique nutritional needs of individual horses can contribute to their overall health, happiness, and longevity. By incorporating these practices into our horse feeding routines, we can ensure that horses receive the optimal nutrition they require to thrive.

We appreciate your time and hope that this article has provided valuable insights into the importance of forage in a horse’s diet. We encourage you to provide feedback and share your own experiences and questions. Stay tuned for the availability of the webinar recording, where we will further explore these topics. Happy feeding!

Meeting a Horses Dietary Requirements: Key Points from the Webinar