In the article “Improving Equine Health and Performance with Organic Minerals,” the focus is on the benefits of organic mineral supplementation for horses. Organic minerals, sourced from natural sources, are believed to be more easily absorbed by the equine body compared to inorganic mineral supplements. By providing the necessary minerals in an easily absorbable form, organic mineral supplements can positively impact equine performance, improving aspects such as hoof quality, immune function, muscle development, and reproductive efficiency. The article also discusses the role of trace minerals in equine performance and highlights the benefits of organic minerals found in Altec’s bioplex product. The speaker, T Valley, is an experienced horse industry professional with a background in animal science and equine nutrition. They explore the limitations related to nutrition, bone health, and mineral imbalances that may be hindering equine performance, emphasizing the importance of proper nutrition and balanced mineral supplementation for overall equine health and performance. By incorporating organic minerals into horses’ diets, the article suggests that trace mineral deficiencies can be overcome, leading to improved immunity, reproductive efficiency, and overall equine performance.

Table of Contents

Understanding Organic Minerals

Definition of organic minerals

Organic minerals, also known as chelated minerals, are essential nutrients that play a critical role in maintaining equine health and performance. Unlike inorganic minerals, which are simply rocks and minerals found in the earth, organic minerals are attached to organic molecules, allowing for better absorption and utilization by the horse’s body. These minerals are typically bound to amino acids or other organic compounds, which enhance their bioavailability and bioactivity.

Difference between organic and inorganic minerals

The main difference between organic and inorganic minerals lies in their bioavailability. Inorganic minerals, such as carbonate or oxide forms, are poorly absorbed and utilized by the equine body. On the other hand, organic minerals have a higher degree of stability and solubility, leading to better absorption and utilization. This means that horses can derive greater benefit from organic minerals, as they have a higher chance of meeting their nutritional requirements.

The bioavailability of organic minerals

Bioavailability refers to the extent to which a nutrient can be absorbed and utilized by the body. In the case of organic minerals, their bioavailability is significantly higher than that of inorganic minerals. Due to the chelation process, organic minerals are better protected from antagonists in the digestive tract and are more efficiently absorbed into the bloodstream. This increased bioavailability ensures that the horse is obtaining the necessary minerals for optimal health and performance.

Role of Organic Minerals in Equine Performance

Impact of organic minerals on equine performance

Organic minerals play a crucial role in supporting equine performance. These minerals are involved in various physiological processes, including enzyme activation, energy production, and immune function. By ensuring that the horse’s mineral needs are met, organic minerals contribute to overall health, stamina, and performance. They also support the proper functioning of muscles, bones, and other tissues, allowing the horse to perform at its best.

Influence of organic minerals on hoof quality, immune function, and muscle development

Organic minerals have a direct impact on important aspects of equine performance, such as hoof quality, immune function, and muscle development. For example, zinc and copper are essential for maintaining healthy hooves, promoting proper keratin formation, and preventing cracks and lameness. Likewise, organic selenium is vital for a robust immune system, protecting the horse against infections and diseases. Additionally, manganese plays a crucial role in muscle development, ensuring optimal strength and agility.

Organic minerals’ effect on equine reproductive efficiency

Reproduction is another area where organic minerals demonstrate their importance. Adequate levels of specific minerals, such as zinc and copper, are critical for optimal reproductive function in mares and stallions. These minerals support proper follicular development, ovulation, and sperm production, leading to improved conception rates and overall reproductive efficiency. By ensuring the horse’s mineral needs are met, organic minerals contribute to successful breeding programs and the production of healthy foals.

Specific Organic Minerals and their Impacts

Importance of zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, and iron

Zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, and iron are among the most important organic minerals for equine health and performance. Each of these minerals plays a specific role in the horse’s body, contributing to various physiological functions. Ensuring an adequate supply of these minerals is crucial for maintaining overall health and optimal performance in horses.

Effect of each specific mineral on equine health

Zinc is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions and is necessary for the proper functioning of the immune system, wound healing, and reproductive processes. Copper is essential for connective tissue formation, iron metabolism, and hair pigmentation. Manganese supports healthy bone development, carbohydrate metabolism, and antioxidant activity. Selenium is a potent antioxidant and is critical for immune function and thyroid hormone production. Lastly, iron is necessary for oxygen transport and energy production.

Role of these minerals in a horse’s diet

Organic minerals should be an essential component of a horse’s diet to ensure they receive adequate amounts for optimal health and performance. While some minerals can be obtained from forage and grazing, others may need to be supplemented to meet the horse’s requirements. Balancing the levels of these minerals is critical to avoid deficiencies or excesses, both of which can have negative impacts on equine health and performance. Consultation with a qualified equine nutritionist or veterinarian can help design a well-balanced diet that includes the right amounts of these specific minerals.

Nutrition in Supporting Equine Health

Importance of balanced nutrition in equine health

Balanced nutrition is crucial for maintaining the overall health of horses. A well-designed diet ensures that horses receive all the necessary nutrients, including organic minerals, to support their physiological functions properly. Providing a balanced diet that meets the horse’s energy, protein, vitamin, and mineral requirements is essential for optimal health and performance. Neglecting proper nutrition can lead to deficiencies or imbalances, negatively impacting the horse’s overall well-being.

Role of organic mineral supplementation

Supplementing organic minerals can be an effective way to ensure that horses receive adequate amounts of these essential nutrients. Although forage and grazing can provide some minerals, their concentrations may not always meet the horse’s requirements. Organic mineral supplementation helps fill the nutritional gaps and ensures that the horse obtains the necessary minerals for optimal health and performance. However, it is important to carefully evaluate the horse’s diet and work with an equine nutritionist to determine the appropriate supplementation strategy.

Impact of nutrition on equine performance

Nutrition plays a significant role in determining equine performance. A well-balanced diet that includes the right amounts of energy, protein, and essential nutrients, such as organic minerals, supports optimal muscle development, stamina, and overall physical condition. Conversely, a poor diet lacking in vital nutrients can lead to decreased performance, decreased immune function, and an increased risk of injuries or metabolic disorders. By focusing on nutrition, horse owners and trainers can maximize their horse’s potential and maintain their overall well-being.

Challenges Horses Face in Performance

Human involvement in equine performance

Equine performance has significantly evolved over the years, mainly due to the involvement of humans. The development of training techniques, advancements in healthcare, and the implementation of proper nutrition strategies have all contributed to increasing the performance of horses. By understanding the specific needs of horses and implementing appropriate management practices, humans have played a crucial role in optimizing equine performance.

Comparison of human and equine performance over years

The evolution of human performance has often paralleled advancements in equine performance. Just as humans have developed better training methods, equipment, and nutritional strategies to enhance their athletic abilities, similar advancements have been made in the equine industry. The understanding of the importance of organic minerals and other vital nutrients in both human and equine performance has driven advancements in optimizing the potential of both athletes.

Genetic limitations in equine performance

While humans have the ability to consciously improve their performance through training and nutrition, horses face some limitations due to genetics. Each horse has its unique genetic capacity for certain athletic abilities, such as speed or endurance. While careful training and nutritional support can enhance a horse’s natural abilities, it’s essential to recognize and respect their genetic limitations. Striving for improvement within these limits is a key aspect of maintaining the well-being and long-term soundness of the equine athlete.

Link between Nutrition and Equine Performance

Possible nutritional limitations hindering performance

Nutritional limitations can inadvertently hinder equine performance. Inadequate levels of specific nutrients, including organic minerals, can lead to deficiencies or imbalances that negatively impact the horse’s overall health and performance. These limitations might result from unbalanced diets, poor-quality forage, or insufficient mineral supplementation. Recognizing and addressing these nutritional limitations is crucial in optimizing equine performance and maintaining long-term health.

Correlation between bone health and performance

Bone health plays a crucial role in equine performance. Strong and healthy bones are essential for supporting the horse’s weight, providing a solid foundation for muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Adequate intake of organic minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, zinc, and manganese, is vital for proper bone formation and maintenance. A deficiency in these minerals can weaken the skeletal structure, increasing the risk of injuries and ultimately hindering overall performance.

Effects of mineral imbalances and over-supplementation of calcium

Mineral imbalances and over-supplementation of certain minerals, like calcium, can have adverse effects on equine performance. Excessive calcium intake, for example, can disrupt the balance of other minerals, such as phosphorus, zinc, and copper, leading to imbalances that negatively affect overall health and function. It is crucial to maintain a proper balance of organic minerals in the horse’s diet and avoid excessive supplementation to prevent potential imbalances and their associated negative consequences.

Potential Role of Trace Minerals in Equine Performance

Advantages of organic trace minerals

Organic trace minerals, such as bioplex copper and zinc, offer several advantages in supporting equine performance. These forms of minerals have improved bioavailability and are better protected from antagonists in the digestive tract. As a result, they can be more efficiently absorbed and utilized by the horse’s body, providing the necessary nutrients for optimal health and performance. By incorporating these organic trace minerals into the horse’s diet, horse owners can maximize the benefits and support their horse’s athletic goals.

Effect of bioplex copper and zinc in horses

Bioplex forms of copper and zinc have been shown to have a positive impact on equine health and performance. Copper plays a crucial role in connective tissue formation, iron metabolism, and hair pigmentation. Zinc, on the other hand, is essential for immune function, hoof integrity, and skin health. Incorporating bioplex copper and zinc into the horse’s diet can enhance the bioavailability and utilization of these essential minerals, leading to improved overall health and performance.

Bioavailability and effects of organic selenium

Organic selenium is another critical trace mineral with significant impacts on equine performance. Selenium acts as an antioxidant, protecting cells from damage and supporting immune function. Additionally, selenium plays a crucial role in thyroid hormone metabolism and muscle function. Organic forms of selenium, such as selenium yeast or selenomethionine, have higher bioavailability and are better retained in the horse’s tissues compared to inorganic forms. Ensuring an adequate supply of organic selenium supports optimal health and performance in horses.

Impact of Chromium Supplementation

Benefits of chromium in managing blood glucose

Chromium supplementation has shown promise in managing blood glucose levels in horses. Chromium, in the form of chromium picolinate or chromium yeast, enhances the effectiveness of insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels. By improving insulin sensitivity, chromium can help stabilize blood glucose, reducing the risk of metabolic disorders, such as insulin resistance or laminitis. Proper management of blood glucose levels is critical for equine performance and overall health.

Impact of chromium on stress hormones

Chromium supplementation may have a positive impact on stress hormone levels in horses. Research suggests that chromium can help modulate the body’s response to stress, reducing the release of stress hormones, such as cortisol. By supporting stress management, chromium can help horses better cope with the physical and psychological demands of training and competition. This can lead to improved performance and overall well-being.

Chromium’s role in improving endurance capacity

Chromium supplementation has also been associated with improved endurance capacity in horses. Studies have shown that horses supplemented with chromium exhibit increased stamina and enhanced recovery following intense exercise. It is believed that chromium promotes efficient energy metabolism, allowing horses to more effectively utilize glucose and fatty acids for sustained energy production. By supporting endurance capacity, chromium can be a valuable tool in optimizing equine performance.

Organic Minerals and Reproductive Performance

Effects of mineral deficiencies on reproduction

Mineral deficiencies can have a profound impact on reproductive performance in horses. Insufficient intake of critical minerals, such as zinc and copper, can disrupt hormonal balance, follicular development, and ovulation in mares. In stallions, mineral deficiencies can affect sperm production and quality, leading to decreased fertility rates. By ensuring adequate levels of organic minerals in the horse’s diet, reproductive performance can be optimized, increasing the chances of successful breeding and the production of healthy offspring.

Capabilities of organic minerals in improving conception rates and embryo quality

Organic minerals have demonstrated their capabilities in improving conception rates and embryo quality in horses. Minerals, such as zinc, copper, and selenium, are essential for proper reproductive function and optimal embryo development. Supplementation with chelated or organic forms of these minerals has been shown to enhance fertility, increase conception rates, and improve embryo quality. By incorporating organic minerals into the horse’s diet, reproductive efficiency can be enhanced, leading to greater success in breeding programs.

Role of organic minerals in overcoming environmental antagonists

Environmental antagonists can pose challenges to equine reproductive performance. For example, high levels of iron or molybdenum in water or forage can interfere with the absorption and utilization of important minerals. Organic minerals, with their increased bioavailability, can help overcome these antagonistic factors by being more efficiently absorbed and utilized by the horse’s body. By ensuring an adequate supply of organic minerals, horse owners can mitigate the negative effects of environmental antagonists on reproductive performance.


In summary, organic minerals play a vital role in the overall health and performance of horses. Their enhanced bioavailability and effectiveness set them apart from inorganic minerals, allowing for better absorption and utilization. Organic minerals contribute to various aspects of equine performance, including hoof quality, immune function, muscle development, and reproductive efficiency. Zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, and iron are among the most important organic minerals, each with specific impacts on equine health and functionality. Proper nutrition, including balanced diets and organic mineral supplementation, is crucial for supporting equine performance. While human involvement, genetic limitations, and environmental factors can influence equine performance, nutrition remains a key factor that can be optimized to maximize equine potential. Finally, the potential applications of organic minerals in the equine industry are vast, ranging from improving reproductive programs to enhancing endurance capacity in performance horses. Continued research and development in the field of organic minerals can further advance equine health, performance, and overall well-being.