In the latest installment of “Barn Chat” by Ride and Roam, the creator, Emily, delves into the fascinating world of horse nutrition, diets, and feeding. This equestrian vlog provides viewers with an inside look into Emily’s day-to-day life managing a private eventing-based horse farm in the US. Throughout the video, Emily emphasizes the importance of a forage-based diet for horses, while also discussing the use of grain, high-quality hay, and supplements. She shares her personal experiences and insights, acknowledging that she is not an expert but puts effort into caring for her horses and conducting thorough research. For those curious about horse nutrition, Emily encourages viewers to ask specific questions in the comments section for a future part two of the vlog. Don’t miss the chance to gain valuable knowledge and get a glimpse into the world of equestrianism by watching the captivating “Barn Chat: HORSE NUTRITION, DIETS & FEEDING • How I Feed Horses Hay & Grain || Equestrian Vlog” on Ride and Roam’s channel.

Understanding Horse Nutrition

Horse nutrition is a crucial aspect of caring for these magnificent animals. Providing them with a well-balanced diet is not only important for their overall health and well-being but also their performance and longevity. In this article, we will explore the importance of a forage-based diet, understand a horse’s nutritional needs, and discuss common nutritional deficiencies that horses may face.

Importance of a Forage-Based Diet

A forage-based diet forms the foundation of a horse’s nutrition. Horses are natural grazers, and their digestive systems are designed to process fibrous plant material. Forage, such as hay or grass, provides essential nutrients like fiber, vitamins, and minerals. It also promotes healthy digestion, prevents digestive issues like colic, and satisfies a horse’s natural instinct to graze.

It is essential to provide horses with access to high-quality hay or pasture 24/7, regardless of their weight or condition. Horses should have the freedom to eat forage whenever they please, mimicking their natural grazing behavior. For overweight horses, managing the amount of hay they consume can be done using slow feeder hay nets. These nets slow down their eating process, preventing overconsumption.

Understanding a Horse’s Nutritional Needs

To properly meet a horse’s nutritional needs, it is crucial to understand the specific requirements for their age, breed, workload, and overall health. Horses require a balance of energy, protein, vitamins, minerals, and water to thrive.

Energy is the fuel horses need for cellular functions and physical activity. It can be obtained from forage, grains, and fats. Protein is essential for muscle development and repair, and it can be sourced from both forage and grains. Horses also require vitamins and minerals for various bodily functions, including bone development, immune system support, and enzyme activity.

Water is another vital component of a horse’s diet. Horses should always have access to clean, fresh water to stay hydrated and aid digestion. Inadequate water intake can lead to dehydration, colic, and other health issues.

Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Horses

Despite providing a balanced diet, horses can still experience nutritional deficiencies. It is essential to monitor their diet and be aware of common deficiencies that may arise.

One common deficiency in horses is vitamin E. Horses that have limited access to fresh grass or are located in areas with low vitamin E levels in the soil may require supplementation. Vitamin E plays a crucial role in muscle function and immune support.

Another common deficiency is omega-3 fatty acids. While horses can produce some omega-3 fatty acids on their own, supplementation can be beneficial, especially for horses in intense training or with specific health issues.

Calcium and phosphorus imbalances are also common, as they need to be balanced to support proper bone development. Ensuring the correct calcium-to-phosphorus ratio in a horse’s diet is crucial, as imbalances can lead to bone disorders.

Regular monitoring of a horse’s diet and consulting with a veterinarian or nutritionist can help prevent and address any nutritional deficiencies.

Feeding Hay to Horses

Feeding hay is a fundamental aspect of a horse’s diet, especially when access to fresh pasture is limited or unavailable. Proper hay feeding practices ensure horses receive the necessary nutrients while mimicking their grazing behavior. In this section, we will discuss guidelines for feeding hay, the importance of high-quality hay, and the use of slow feeder hay nets.

Guidelines for Feeding Hay

When feeding hay to horses, it is important to follow some guidelines to ensure their health and well-being. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Quality: Always strive to provide high-quality hay. It should be free from mold, dust, and weeds. High-quality hay is more nutrient-dense and promotes optimal digestion.

  2. Quantity: Horses should have access to hay throughout the day to mimic their natural grazing behavior. The amount of hay required depends on the horse’s weight, activity level, and overall health. A general guideline is to offer 1.5% to 2% of a horse’s body weight in hay per day.

  3. Storage: Proper storage is crucial to maintain hay quality. It should be stored in a clean, dry area that is protected from weather elements. Using hay nets or racks can also minimize wastage and contamination.

  4. Variety: Offering a variety of hay types can provide different nutritional profiles and prevent boredom.

Availability of High-Quality Hay

Providing high-quality hay to horses is essential for their overall health. High-quality hay contains optimal levels of nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals. It promotes good digestion, healthy weight maintenance, and proper immune function.

In areas where fresh pasture is limited or unavailable, ensuring a constant supply of high-quality hay becomes even more critical. Horses rely on forage for their nutritional needs, and access to hay throughout the day helps prevent digestive issues and keeps them mentally and physically satisfied.

Using Slow Feeder Hay Nets

Slow feeder hay nets are an excellent tool to manage the amount of hay consumed by horses, especially those prone to overweight or obesity. These nets slow down the eating process, making the horse work for their food and preventing overconsumption.

Using slow feeder hay nets not only helps control the weight of overweight horses but also stimulates their natural grazing behavior, keeping them mentally stimulated. It also minimizes hay wastage and can extend the duration of hay availability throughout the day.

Grain in Horse Diet

While a forage-based diet should form the majority of a horse’s nutrition, there are instances where feeding grain becomes necessary. Understanding when to feed grain, the choice of grain, and adopting a more natural and forage-based diet approach is essential for the well-being of the horse.

Indications for Feeding Grain

Feeding grain is typically indicated for horses with higher energy requirements due to intense work, gestation, lactation, or health conditions that warrant additional calories. Grain provides concentrated energy in the form of carbohydrates and fats, allowing horses to meet their energy demands.

It is important to evaluate the individual horse’s needs rather than providing grain as a routine practice. Overfeeding grain can lead to weight gain, digestive issues, laminitis, and other health problems.

Choice of Grain

When choosing a grain for horses, several factors should be considered, including the horse’s age, workload, and dietary requirements. There is a wide variety of grains available, each with its own nutrient composition.

Triple Crown grain is a popular choice, known for its high-quality ingredients and balanced nutrient profile. Other grain options may include oats, barley, corn, or commercially available complete feeds. It is crucial to read and understand the nutritional labels to ensure it aligns with the specific needs of the horse.

Employing a More Natural and Forage-Based Diet Approach

While grain can provide additional energy and nutrients, it is important to adopt a more natural and forage-based diet approach. Horses are herbivores designed to consume fibrous plant material, and their digestive systems function best with a primarily forage-based diet.

Including more forage, such as hay or pasture, and reducing reliance on grains can have numerous benefits. Increasing forage intake promotes optimal digestion, prevents digestive issues like colic and gastric ulcers, and allows horses to exhibit their natural grazing behaviors.

By prioritizing forage in a horse’s diet, owners and caretakers can ensure the animal’s nutritional needs are met while maintaining their overall health and well-being.

Feeding Horses in Different Locations

Feeding horses in different locations can present unique challenges due to variations in forage availability and other environmental factors. In this section, we will discuss adjusting a horse’s diet after relocation, challenges of feeding horses in locations with limited forage, and supplementing forage in a horse’s diet in different locations.

Adjusting Horse Diet After Relocation

Relocating horses to different geographical locations often requires adjustments in their diet. Changes in climate, forage availability, and soil compositions can impact the nutritional needs of horses. It is essential to work closely with a veterinarian or nutritionist to evaluate and modify the horse’s diet accordingly.

Transitions should be gradual to allow the horse’s digestive system to adapt to new feeds and forage. Introducing new types of hay or pasture slowly helps prevent digestive upsets. Monitoring the horse’s body condition, overall health, and performance during the transition period is crucial to ensure their nutritional needs are being met.

Challenges of Feeding Horses in Locations with Limited Forage

In some locations, such as New England, horses may not have access to fresh forage 24/7 due to seasonal changes or limited grass paddocks. This can pose challenges in meeting their nutritional needs and maintaining their weight and condition.

In such situations, providing high-quality hay becomes even more critical. Ensuring a constant supply of hay throughout the day helps mimic a horse’s natural grazing behavior and prevents digestive issues. Slow feeder hay nets can be used to manage hay consumption and prevent overeating in overweight horses.

Additionally, exploring alternative forage options, such as fresh alfalfa, can supplement the horse’s diet and help address nutritional deficiencies. Fresh alfalfa is high in protein and can provide additional nutrients that may be lacking in hay-based diets.

Supplementing Forage in a Horse’s Diet in Different Locations

Supplementing forage in a horse’s diet becomes essential in locations with limited or poor-quality forage. While hay is the primary source of forage, other options such as haylage, silage, or even fresh grass can be considered as alternatives.

Haylage is fermented grass that retains higher moisture content compared to traditional hay. It provides similar nutritional benefits as hay while offering a softer texture that can be beneficial for horses with dental issues.

Silage is made by fermenting chopped grass or corn, and it can be a viable option in areas where traditional hay quality is poor. Silage retains high moisture levels, which can help with hydration and provide additional nutrients.

Although fresh grass may not be available year-round in certain locations, making use of grazing opportunities during the growing seasons is essential. Allowing horses to graze on grass, even for short periods, provides them with exercise, mental stimulation, and valuable nutrients.

Supplementing forage options should be done under the guidance of a nutritionist or veterinarian, ensuring it aligns with the horse’s specific needs and promotes optimal health.

Supplemental Feeding of Horses

In addition to a forage-based diet, certain supplements can be beneficial for horses, depending on their individual needs. In this section, we will discuss feeding fresh alfalfa, using beet pulp and alfalfa pellets or cubes, and using supplements in a horse’s diet.

Feeding Fresh Alfalfa

Fresh alfalfa can be a valuable supplement in a horse’s diet due to its high protein content and nutritional value. However, it may not be suitable for all horses, as some may become “hot” or overly energetic when fed alfalfa. It is important to monitor the horse’s behavior and adjust the amount of alfalfa accordingly.

Fresh alfalfa can be expensive, but it can help supplement the grass-based need for horses in locations where access to fresh pasture is limited. Offering a small amount of fresh alfalfa daily can provide essential nutrients and help with weight gain or maintenance.

Adding Beet Pulp and Alfalfa Pellets or Cubes

Beet pulp and alfalfa pellets or cubes are commonly used as a supplemental feed for horses, providing additional fiber and nutrients. Beet pulp is a byproduct of sugar beet processing and is available in shredded or pelleted forms. It is highly digestible and can be used to add calories, improve digestion, and maintain hydration.

Alfalfa pellets or cubes, on the other hand, are made from dried alfalfa and provide a concentrated source of protein, vitamins, and minerals. They are often used to supplement diets lacking in forage or as a source of additional nutrients.

Both beet pulp and alfalfa pellets or cubes should be soaked in water before feeding to prevent choke and promote optimal digestion. They can be useful for horses with dental issues or those requiring additional calories or nutrients.

Using Supplements in a Horse’s Diet

While supplements can play a role in a horse’s diet, caution should be exercised when adding them. Not all horses require supplements, and their use should be based on specific needs and in consultation with a nutritionist or veterinarian.

Supplements should never replace a balanced diet but rather complement it and address specific deficiencies or imbalances. Researching and selecting high-quality supplements is crucial, as not all products on the market provide the desired results.

Common supplements for horses include vitamin and mineral blends, joint support formulas, digestive aids, and omega-3 fatty acids. It is important to follow recommended dosages and monitor the horse’s response to the supplement.

Working closely with professionals who specialize in equine nutrition can help determine if and which supplements are necessary for a horse’s individual needs.

Maintaining a Horse’s Weight and Condition

Maintaining a horse’s weight and condition is essential for their overall health, performance, and well-being. A well-managed diet plays a significant role in achieving and managing optimal body condition. In this section, we will discuss the role of diet in weight management, addressing common weight problems with diet, and adjusting the diet based on a horse’s condition.

Role of Diet in Weight Management

Diet plays a crucial role in weight management for horses. Feeding the appropriate amount and type of forage, grain, and supplements can help horses maintain a healthy body weight. Providing a balanced diet ensures horses receive the necessary nutrients without excessive calorie intake.

For horses needing to gain weight, increasing the calorie content of their diet through additional forage, high-calorie supplements, and careful grain selection can be effective. Conversely, overweight horses require a controlled diet with limited calorie intake, higher fiber content, and increased exercise to help shed excess weight.

Regular monitoring of a horse’s body condition score is crucial to assess their weight management progress and make necessary adjustments to their diet.

Addressing Common Weight Problems with Diet

Weight problems in horses can arise due to various factors, including inadequate forage intake, excessive grain consumption, imbalances in nutrient intake, and underlying health issues. Addressing these weight problems through diet requires a customized approach.

For underweight horses, increasing the amount and quality of forage, introducing calorie-dense supplements, and selecting appropriate grains can help improve weight gain. It is crucial to ensure adequate protein, vitamins, and minerals to support healthy muscle development and overall well-being.

Overweight horses, on the other hand, require reduced calorie intake with increased fiber content. This can be achieved by limiting forage access or using slow feeder hay nets to control hay consumption. Reducing grain intake, selecting low-calorie alternatives, and increasing exercise can also aid weight loss.

It is important to implement any dietary changes gradually and monitor the horse’s response, adjusting the diet as needed.

Adjusting Diet Based on a Horse’s Condition

A horse’s condition, including their age, workload, and overall health, can determine the appropriate diet. Active performance horses, broodmares, growing foals, and senior horses may have specific dietary requirements that need to be addressed.

Active performance horses require diets that support their energy demands without excess weight gain. Balanced nutrition with appropriate ratios of carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins, and minerals is crucial for both endurance and strength activities.

Broodmares have increased nutrient requirements during gestation and lactation. Their diet should be adjusted to meet the needs of both the mare and the developing fetus or nursing foal. It is crucial to ensure adequate protein, calcium, phosphorus, and other essential nutrients.

Growing foals require diets that support their rapid growth and development. Nutritionally balanced diets high in protein, vitamins, and minerals are necessary to provide optimal support for bone, muscle, and organ development.

Senior horses often have special dietary needs to support their aging bodies. Diets should be easily digestible, with higher levels of fiber, protein, and specific nutrients to address age-related issues such as poor dentition and weight loss.

Regular evaluation of a horse’s condition and diet, combined with professional guidance, ensures their nutritional needs are met throughout various life stages.

Working With a Nutritionist

When it comes to horse nutrition, consulting with a nutritionist can be extremely beneficial. Nutritionists specialize in understanding a horse’s dietary needs and can provide tailored advice based on factors such as age, breed, workload, and health conditions. In this section, we will explore the role of a nutritionist in horse feeding, calculating a horse’s nutritional needs with a professional, and the benefits of seeking professional advice for diet planning.

Role of a Nutritionist in Horse Feeding

A nutritionist plays a vital role in optimizing a horse’s diet and ensuring they receive the appropriate nutrients for their individual needs. They have in-depth knowledge of equine nutrition, including the composition and digestibility of different feeds, as well as specific nutrient requirements.

Working with a nutritionist allows horse owners and caretakers to develop a customized feeding plan based on the horse’s age, breed, activity level, and any existing health conditions. They can provide advice on forage selection, grain types, supplement choices, and overall diet composition.

Calculating a Horse’s Nutritional Needs With a Professional

Calculating a horse’s nutritional needs can be complex, considering the multitude of factors involved. A nutritionist can help determine the appropriate caloric intake, protein requirements, and vitamin and mineral needs based on the horse’s weight and workload.

Nutritionists often use specialized tools and formulas to calculate a horse’s nutritional requirements accurately. These calculations take into account factors such as body weight, metabolic rate, activity level, growth stage, and overall health conditions.

Consulting with a nutritionist to calculate a horse’s nutritional needs ensures that the diet is tailored to their specific requirements, promoting optimal health, performance, and overall well-being.

Benefits of Seeking Professional Advice for Diet Planning

Seeking professional advice for diet planning offers numerous benefits for horse owners and caretakers. Here are some key advantages:

  1. Expert knowledge: Nutritionists have in-depth knowledge of equine nutrition and stay updated on the latest research and developments in the field. They can provide accurate and up-to-date information to optimize a horse’s diet.

  2. Customized approach: Every horse is unique and has different dietary requirements. Working with a nutritionist allows for a customized approach to ensure the horse’s specific needs are met.

  3. Optimal health and performance: A well-balanced and tailored diet promotes optimal health, performance, and longevity in horses. Professional advice helps achieve and maintain these goals.

  4. Prevention of health issues: Proper nutrition is a cornerstone in preventing various health issues, including digestive disorders, metabolic imbalances, and nutrient deficiencies. Nutritionists can help identify and address potential issues before they become problematic.

  5. Continuous support: Nutritionists provide ongoing support and guidance, adapting the diet as needed and monitoring the horse’s response. They can also assist in troubleshooting any dietary concerns that may arise.

By seeking professional advice for diet planning, horse owners and caretakers can have peace of mind, knowing they are providing their horses with the optimal nutrition they deserve.

Importance of Research in Horse Nutrition

Research forms the foundation of ensuring proper horse nutrition. Staying informed and accessing reliable sources of information is crucial for horse owners and caretakers. In this section, we will discuss the importance of taking an informed approach to horse nutrition, accessing reliable information sources, and the significance of continuous learning and updating.

Taking an Informed Approach to Horse Nutrition

Horse nutrition is a complex field, and taking an informed approach is essential to make well-informed decisions regarding a horse’s diet. Relying on evidence-based information and research helps ensure that the nutritional needs of horses are adequately met.

Equine nutrition research continually evolves, uncovering new knowledge about the digestion, absorption, and utilization of nutrients. Staying informed allows horse owners to make educated decisions, implement best practices, and promote optimal health and performance.

Accessing Reliable Information Sources

Accessing reliable sources of information is crucial in the age of widespread misinformation. When researching horse nutrition, it is important to rely on reputable sources such as equine nutritionists, veterinarians, and scientific studies.

Professional organizations and universities often offer educational resources and publications on horse nutrition. Consulting with experts and attending workshops or seminars can also provide valuable insights into the latest advancements in the field.

It is essential to critically evaluate the sources of information and ensure they are based on sound scientific principles, peer-reviewed research, and practical experience.

Importance of Continuous Learning and Updating

Continuous learning and updating are essential in the field of horse nutrition. This dynamic field continually advances, uncovering new discoveries and changing recommendations.

Horse owners and caretakers should actively seek opportunities to expand their knowledge, whether through reading scientific literature, attending conferences, or participating in webinars. This ongoing education ensures that their practices align with the latest research and guidelines and promotes the best possible outcomes for their horses.

By prioritizing continuous learning and updating, horse owners can stay ahead of emerging trends, refine their feeding practices, and make informed decisions about their horse’s nutrition.

Day-to-Day Equestrian Life

Caring for horses and managing their nutrition is an integral part of day-to-day equestrian life. It involves addressing various challenges and maintaining a routine that supports the horse’s well-being. In this section, we will explore including horse nutrition and feeding in the daily routine, addressing day-to-day challenges in horse feeding, and life on an eventing-based horse farm.

Including Horse Nutrition and Feeding in Daily Routine

Horse nutrition and feeding should be an integral part of the daily routine for horse owners and caretakers. Incorporating regular feeding times, monitoring forage availability, and maintaining clean and accessible water sources ensures that the horse’s nutritional needs are met consistently.

Daily routines may also involve preparing and measuring grain portions, soaking beet pulp or alfalfa pellets, and examining hay quality. Monitoring the horse’s weight and overall condition is crucial, as it allows for adjustments to the diet as needed.

By including horse nutrition and feeding in the daily routine, horse owners demonstrate a commitment to the well-being and care of their animals.

Addressing Day-to-Day Challenges in Horse Feeding

Feeding horses comes with its fair share of challenges. Ensuring access to high-quality hay, managing quantities for overweight horses, and addressing nutritional deficiencies are just some of the day-to-day challenges that horse owners and caretakers face.

Finding and sourcing high-quality hay can sometimes be a logistical challenge, especially in areas with limited availability or seasonal fluctuations. Careful storage and rotation practices are necessary to prevent hay spoilage and maintain its nutritional value.

For horses that tend to be overweight, managing the quantity of hay consumed becomes important. Slow feeder hay nets can assist in controlling the rate of consumption and prevent overeating.

Addressing nutritional deficiencies may require supplementation with vitamins, minerals, or specific forage alternatives. Monitoring the horse’s response, consulting with professionals, and engaging in continuous research are key strategies to overcome day-to-day challenges in horse feeding.

Life on an Eventing-Based Horse Farm

Managing a private eventing-based horse farm involves catering to the unique needs of horses in a performance setting. Eventing is a demanding discipline that requires horses to be in peak physical condition and have the energy to perform at their best.

Life on an eventing-based horse farm often revolves around training schedules, exercise routines, and proper nutrition. Feeding regimens are tailored to support performance horses, ensuring they have the necessary energy levels and muscle development.

Eventing-based horse farms also prioritize the mental and physical well-being of the horses, providing ample turnout time, access to pasture or exercise paddocks, and opportunities for socialization. Regular monitoring of the horse’s condition, adjustments to the diet, and collaboration with trainers and veterinarians are vital for success in this specialized field.


Understanding and meeting a horse’s nutritional needs is essential for their overall health, performance, and well-being. A forage-based diet forms the foundation of horse nutrition, and accessing high-quality hay 24/7 is beneficial for all horses. Understanding a horse’s specific nutritional needs, addressing deficiencies, and adjusting the diet based on location and condition are crucial aspects of horse feeding.

Supplemental feeding can provide additional nutrients or support specific dietary requirements. However, caution should be exercised when introducing supplements, and professional guidance should be sought to ensure their safe and effective use.

Maintaining a horse’s weight and condition requires a balanced diet, regular monitoring, and adjustments based on individual needs. Working with a nutritionist provides valuable expertise and ensures a tailored approach to a horse’s diet.

Taking an informed approach to horse nutrition, accessing reliable sources of information, and continuously learning and updating are important to stay up-to-date with advancements in the field.

Horse nutrition and feeding should be an integral part of a horse owner’s daily routine, and addressing day-to-day challenges ensures the horse’s well-being. Managing nutrition in an eventing-based horse farm requires specialized care and attention to support the demands of performance horses.

In conclusion, understanding and meeting a horse’s nutritional needs is a lifelong journey. By prioritizing their nutrition, horse owners can provide the best care for their beloved companions. Encouragement is given to viewers to ask specific nutrition questions for a future vlog, fostering a culture of learning and collaboration.